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July 10, 2016

Common Errors in English Usage with Explanations - Part 31

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    • This is my servant, I was telling you about him. (wrong)
    • This is my servant about whom I was telling you.   (correct)
      • Explanation : As the second clause is a relative clause, it must be attached by 'who' (or 'that') to the noun phrase 'my servant'. 
    • Supposing if he fails, what will he do ? (wrong)
    • Supposing he fails what will he do ?  (correct)
    • If he fails what will he do ?  (correct)
      • Explanation : As supposing and if have the same function, only one of them should be used. 
    • Until he does not try, he must be punished.  (wrong)
    • He must be punished until he tries.   (correct)
    • He must be punished so long as he does not try.   (correct)
      • Explanation : Until, means 'up to the point in time or the event mentioned.' it is normally used in the beginning of the clause. 
    • Not only he will go, but also he will remain there.  (wrong)
    • Not only will he go, but he will also remain there.   (correct)
      • Explanation : Like 'never' and 'no sooner', 'not only' attracts the auxiliary verb to its immediate right if it occurs in the beginning of a sentence. 
    • He neither comes nor he writes.  (wrong)
    • Neither does he come nor does he write.   (correct)
      • Explanation : 'He neither comes nor he writes' is equally correct and probably more common. But rule that when the first word of the sentence is a negative the auxiliary verb must be inverted, as in a direct question. 
    • I am fond of all games as for an example cricket.  (wrong)
    • I am fond of all games, for example, cricket.   (correct)
      • Explanation : 'As' is redundant here because we don't need a conjunction. 
    • She called me as a fool (wrong)
    • She called me a fool.  (correct)
      • Explanation : As is redundant here as well.
    • He is the fastest runner and he came last.  (wrong)
    • He is the fastest runner but he came last.   (correct)
      • Explanation : 'But' is the conjunction to be used when the second clause gives information contrary to the one expected by the first clause. 
    • He was angry therefore I ran away.  (wrong)
    • He was angry so I ran away.   (correct)
      • Explanation : Therefore refers to a logical conclusion whereas so means 'and for this reason'. 
    • I was trying to work, at that time he was disturbing me.  (wrong)
    • While I was trying to work, he was disturbing me.   (correct)
      • Explanation : While signals a point (or period) of time something was happening. 
    • This is my house, I live here.  (wrong)
    • This is my house where I live.   (correct)
      • Explanation : 'I live here' defines the house and needs to be relationed.

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