- Today is International Tiger Day.
- The day is held annually on 29th July to raise awareness for tiger conservation.
- It was founded in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit, with the aim to double the big cat population by 2022.
- The goal of this day is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation.
- The Afghan government has lost territory to the Afghan Taliban, with districts under government forces down to 65.6% from 70.5% in January, according to a US military report.
Science & Technology
Awards & Honors
Business & Economy
- I&B MoS Rajyavardhan Rathore is going to inaugurate European Union Film Festival at Siri Fort Auditorium in btomorrow.
- The Rajya Sabha today passed the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015, which seeks to unlock over ₹41,000 crore earmarked for afforestation projects.
- Passed by the Lok Sabha in May, the bill envisages the establishment of National and State Compensatory Afforestation Funds.
- In the absence of these authorities, the allocated amount has been lying unspent for the last four years.
Science & Technology
- A team of scientists will recalculate and shift Australia's latitude and longitude coordinates, which are currently inaccurate by over 1.5 metres.
- The continent moves north by about 7 centimetres each year, causing a difference between actual coordinates and those currently used by Global Navigation Satellite Systems like GPS.
- The Australian coordinates were last updated in 1994.
Awards & Honors
- A 14-year-old boy, Tushar Talawat won the International Mathematics Competition organised in Indonesia.
- The student of Ahmedabad-based Hemchandracharya Sanskrit Pathshala won among 1,300 students from 18 countries.
- BCCI President and MP Anurag Thakur commissioned into Territorial Army in the rank of Lieutenant.
- Note : The Territorial Army is the second line of defence in the country after the regular army, whose volunteers receive month-long military training so that they can be mobilised in case of an emergency.
- Two-time Oscar-winning composer AR Rahman is set to become the second Indian to perform at the United Nations General Assembly, as part of India's 69th Independence Day celebrations.
- Rahman will reportedly perform a musical rendition of Rabindranath Tagore's poem 'Where the mind is without fear'.
- Important Note : Carnatic singer MS Subbulakshmi was the first Indian to perform at UN in October 1966.
Business & Economy
- The government today extended the due date of filing the Income Tax Return from July 31 to August 5 across India, except Jammu and Kashmir.
- Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia informed that the IT return filing date for J&K has been extended to August 31.
- The date was extended in view of bank strike and disturbance in Kashmir.
- The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation will provide an insurance cover to travellers for a premium of ₹1 beginning September, under a trial scheme.
- The premium will be provided in case of casualties and injuries due to incidents such as terrorist attacks and train accidents.
- Compensation of up to ₹10 lakh will be provided in the event of death.
- German automaker Volkswagen AG is the world's largest automobile manufacturer as per data available for the first half of 2016.
- Volkswagen sold 5.11 million units, around 80,000 units ahead of Japan's Toyota, and 360,000 units ahead of USA's General Motors, the second and third-largest automobile manufacturers.
- Important Note : Volkswagen had been involved in an emissions test tampering scandal last year.
- 32-year-old Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg is the youngest among the world's ten richest people.
- He first appeared on the Forbes 400 list in September 2008 with a net worth of $1.5 billion at the age of 24.
- Tody, Zuckerberg became the fifth richest person with his net worth touching an estimated high of $56.7 billion, surpassing Carlos Slim.
- Usain Bolt is the first man in Olympic history to win 100m & 200m races in world record times in 2008.
- The International Space Station (ISS) is the world's most-expensive man-made object, with a total cost of over $100 billion.
- With a capacity to support a 6-member crew, its construction was completed in 2011.
- The spacecraft was created by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 53 years after the space research agency's establishment on this day (29th July) 1958.
- India's Business Tycoon J R D Tata was born on this day (29th July) in the year 1904. Here are some important points to note :
- India's first cosmetics brand Lakmé was founded in 1952 by JRD Tata, as a subsidiary of the Tata Oil Mills.
- The brand was named after the French opera Lakmé, the French form of Indian Goddess Lakshmi.
- Tata, widely regarded as the father of Indian civil aviation.
- He became the first person to obtain a commercial pilot license in India in 1929, with 'No. 1' printed on his license.
- He launched India's first airmail service three years later, which later became the country's national carrier, Air India.
- He is the only industrialist to have received India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna.
- Uvena Fernandes becomes 1st Woman Referee from INDIA to get selected to officiate in FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup
- Germany's football captain Bastian Schweinsteiger, who won the 2014 FIFA World Cup with the team, retired from international football today.
- South Pacific island nation Tuvalu will have the smallest contingent at the 2016 Rio Olympics, consisting of only one member in 100-metre sprint.
- Ten nations, including Afghanistan, will be represented by three athletes, while nine countries, including Bhutan, Liberia and Somalia, will be represented by two members.
- Important Note : India is sending a 100-plus contingent, its largest ever, for the first time.
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