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September 19, 2015

19th September 2015 - Important Current Affairs updates

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International Affairs
  • Today (3rd Saturday in September) is International Coastal Cleanup Day.
    • In 1986 the American Centre for Marine Conservation held the first beach cleanup on the Texas coast with the aid of 2 800 volunteers. 
    • Since then, the International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) has included inland lakes, rivers, streams and underwater sites in the cleanup and approximately half a million people in more than 100 countries have participated in the cleanup.
    • Dates
    • 2014 - September 20
    • 2015 - September 19
    • 2016 - September 17
    • 2017 - September 16
    • 2018 - September 15
  • Today (19th September) is International Red Panda Day.
  • Japan's parliament has voted to allow the military to fight overseas for the first time since the end of 2nd World War 70 years ago.
    • With this voting, Japan’s military can now defend its allies even when the country isn’t under attack — for the first time since the end of the World War II — and work more closely with the U.S. and other nations. 
    • Japan will also be able to participate more fully in international peacekeeping, compared to its previous, mostly humanitarian, missions.
  • Vice President Hamid Ansari returned home tonight after concluding his Four-day two-nation trip of Cambodia and Laos.
    • Highlights :
    • Ansari, who travelled to Cambodia on the first leg of his trip, held wide-ranging talks with Prime Minister Hun Sen.
    • Two MoUs were signed - one on Tourism and the other on Quick impact projects.
    • Then he traveled to Siem Reap and visited Angkor Wat, the world's largest Hindu temple complex. India has allayed Cambodian concerns over reports of building of the temple's replica in Bihar.
    • He also visited the Ta Prohm temple and the Mekong-Ganga Textile museum in Siem Reap which was set up with India's assistance.
    • Then he travelled to Laos, the first visit by an Indian Vice President to this country.
    • There, he held talks with his Laotian counterpart Bounnhang Vorachith.
    • Two MoUs were signed - One on quick impact projects and another on the Air Services Agreement, which allows airlines from both countries to operate direct flights between them.
    • Important Note : The Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) comprises Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

National Affairs
  • Based on the recommendation of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has banned the sale of Diclofenac in multidose vial. It will be sold only in single-dose vial packaging.
    • The commonly-used anti-inflammatory drug for cattle is considered the chief cause for the steep decline in the number of vultures in recent years. 
    • Earlier, in 2006, the Government of India had imposed a ban on the use of Diclofenac for treating cattle.
  • To overcome water scarcity and to carry out remedial measures Perumanna Grama Panchayat in Kozhikode district of Kerala has become the First Panchayat in the State, to declare a water policy on the lines of the State government’ s water policy declared in 2008
    • The water policy of Perumanna was drafted with the help of the Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), Kunnamangalam, after a detailed study of water resources and usage in the panchayat over the last two years.

Science & Technology
  • Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) officially announced that it had successfully test-fired an indigenously developed second generation, 2.8 km range, anti-tank guided missile called Amogha-1.
    • The test firing was carried out on September 10 at Babina Army Range in Madhya Pradesh. 
  • Inching towards fulfilling its announcement made in this year's railway budget, the Indian Railways has announced that it has developed a prototype of hybrid vacuum toilet which uses only 500 ml of water for flushing.
    • The early sample, a mix of vacuum toilet generally used in aircraft and bio-toilet or conventional one, had been fitted in one of the coaches in New Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani for trial, the ministry said in a statement.
    • Important Note : Typically, a conventional toilet uses 10-15 liters of water per flush, while the vacuum toilet consumes only 500 ml of water per flushing.

  • The pioneer of cricket commentary in Marathi who made the game more popular in Maharashtrian households, Bal Pandit has passed away.
    • He was known as an encyclopedia of Marathi synonyms for original cricketing parlance in English.
    • He wrote about 30 books and also penned newspaper and magazine articles on the subject, enhancing common mans knowledge of the game. 
    • Maharashtra government had recognised his contribution to the game bestowing the Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Award on him in 1978. 
    • His Marathi translation of Sunil Gavaskars Sunny Days became popular with the Marathi readers. 

People in News
  • Senior Advocate HS Phoolka today quit from active politics and resigned from all posts of the Aam Aadmi party.
    • In an open letter, Mr Phoolka said he is resigning from the party to focus full time on ensuring justice for 1984 riot victims.

Awards & Honors
  • Metro Man' E Sreedharan has been invited to serve in the United Nations' High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport (HLAG-ST).
    • The service is for a period of three years.
  • The United Nations refugee agency UNHCR has named Afghan refugee teacher Aqeela Asifi its 2015 Nansen Refugee Award winner.
    • Note : Asifi is being recognized for her brave and tireless dedication to educating Afghan refugee girls in the Kot Chandana refugee village of Pakistan, while herself overcoming the struggles of life in exile.
  • Indian shuttler Ajay Jayaram beat world Number 7 Chou Tien Chen to enter the final of Korean Open Badminton Super Series Tournament.

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